Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic progressions

Elements
a1 = value of the first term
am = value of any term after the first term but before the last term
an = value of the last term
n = total number of terms
m = mth term after the first but before nth
d = common difference of arithmetic progression
r = common ratio of geometric progression
S = sum
 

Arithmetic Progression, AP

Arithmetic progression is a sequence of numbers in which the difference of any two adjacent terms is constant. The constant difference is commonly known as common difference and is denoted by d. Examples of arithmetic progression are as follows:
 

System of Equations

System of Linear Equations
The number of equations should be at least the number of unknowns in order to solve the variables. System of linear equations can be solved by several methods, the most common are the following,

1. Method of substitution
2. Elimination method
3. Cramer's rule
 

Many of the scientific calculators allowed in board examinations and class room exams are capable of solving system of linear equations of up to three unknowns.
 

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