# Slope of a Curve of Given Parametric Equations

**Problem**

A point moves in the plane according to equations *x* = *t*^{2} + 2*t* and *y* = 2*t*^{3} - 6*t*. Find *dy*/*dx* when *t* = 0, 2, 5.

A. -3, -3, -12 | C. 3, 3, 12 |

B. 3, -3, 12 | D. -3, 3, 12 |

**Problem**

A point moves in the plane according to equations *x* = *t*^{2} + 2*t* and *y* = 2*t*^{3} - 6*t*. Find *dy*/*dx* when *t* = 0, 2, 5.

A. -3, -3, -12 | C. 3, 3, 12 |

B. 3, -3, 12 | D. -3, 3, 12 |

**Problem**

A 523.6 cm^{3} solid spherical steel ball was melted and remolded into a hollow steel ball so that the hollow diameter is equal to the diameter of the original steel ball. Find the thickness of the hollow steel ball.

A. 1.3 cm | C. 1.2 cm |

B. 1.5 cm | D. 1.6 cm |

**Situation**

An open cylindrical vessel 1.3 m in diameter and 2.1 m high is 2/3 full of water. If rotated about the vertical axis at a constant angular speed of 90 rpm,

1. Determine how high is the paraboloid formed of the water surface.

A. 1.26 m | C. 2.46 m |

B. 1.91 m | D. 1.35 m |

2. Determine the amount of water that will be spilled out.

A. 140 L | C. 341 L |

B. 152 L | D. 146 L |

3. What should have been the least height of the vessel so that no water is spilled out?

A. 2.87 m | C. 3.15 m |

B. 2.55 m | D. 2.36 m |

**Problem**

Find the distance from the point *A*(1, 5, -3) to the plane 4*x* + *y* + 8*z* + 33 = 0.

A. 1/2 | C. 2/3 |

B. 2 | D. 1.5 |

**Problem**

Evaluate $\displaystyle \int_0^9 \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{1 + \sqrt{x}}}$

A. 4.667 | C. 5.333 |

B. 3.227 | D. 6.333 |

A downward concentrated load of magnitude 1 unit moves across the simply supported beam *AB* from *A* to *B*. We wish to determine the following functions:

- reaction at
*A* - reaction at
*B* - shear at
*C*and - moment at
*C*

when the unit load is at a distance *x* from support *A*. Since the value of the above functions will vary according to the location of the unit load, the best way to represent these functions is by influence diagram.

Influence line is the graphical representation of the response function of the structure as the downward unit load moves across the structure. The ordinate of the influence line show the magnitude and character of the function.

The most common response functions of our interest are *support reaction*, *shear at a section*, *bending moment at a section*, and *force in truss member*.

With the aid of influence diagram, we can...

- determine the position of the load to cause maximum response in the function.
- calculate the maximum value of the function.

Value of the function for any type of load

$\displaystyle \text{Function} = \int_{x_1}^{x_2} y_i (y \, dx)$

**Situation**

A reversed curve with diverging tangent is to be designed to connect to three traversed lines for the portion of the proposed highway. The lines *AB* is 185 m, *BC* is 122.40 m, and *CD* is 285 m. The azimuth are Due East, 242°, and 302° respectively. The following are the cost index and specification:

Number of Lanes = Two Lanes

Width of Pavement = 3.05 m per lane

Thickness of Pavement = 280 mm

Unit Cost = P1,800 per square meter

It is necessary that the *PRC* (Point of Reversed Curvature) must be one-fourth the distance *BC* from *B*.

- Find the radius of the first curve.

A. 123 m

B. 156 m

C. 182 m

D. 143 m - Find the length of road from
*A*to*D*. Use arc basis.

A. 552 m

B. 637 m

C. 574 m

D. 468 m - Find the cost of the concrete pavement from
*A*to*D*.

A. P2.81M

B. P5.54M

C. P3.42M

D. P4.89M

**Problem**

A highway engineer must stake a symmetrical vertical curve where an entering grade of +0.80% meets an existing grade of -0.40% at station 10 + 100 which has an elevation of 140.36 m. If the maximum allowable change in grade per 20 m station is -0.20%, what is the length of the vertical curve?

A. 150 m

B. 130 m

C. 120 m

D. 140 m

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- Find the differential equations of the following family of curves.
- line organisation
- Sight Distance of Vertical Parabolic Curve
- What is algebra with fractions called ?
- Arithmetic sequence
- Mathematics
- Net Present Worth analysis
- Perimeter of the Value of the Curve
- Deflection and rotation of simple beam with uniform and concentrated loads
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