A zone is that portion of the surface of the sphere included between two parallel planes.
Properties of Spherical Zone
- The bases of the zone are the circumference of the sections made by the two parallel planes.
- The altitude of the zone is the perpendicular distance between these two parallel planes.
- If one of the bounding parallel planes is tangent to the sphere, the surface bounded is a zone of one base.
Area of the Zone
The area of any zone (one base or two bases) is equal to the product of its altitude h and the circumference of the great circle of the sphere.
Note that when h = 2R, the area of the zone will equal to the total surface area of the sphere which is 4πR2.