Solution to Problem 136 Pressure Vessel

Problem 136
A cylindrical pressure vessel is fabricated from steel plating that has a thickness of 20 mm. The diameter of the pressure vessel is 450 mm and its length is 2.0 m. Determine the maximum internal pressure that can be applied if the longitudinal stress is limited to 140 MPa, and the circumferential stress is limited to 60 MPa.
 

Solution 136
Based on circumferential stress (tangential):
 

Solution to Problem 135 Pressure Vessel

Problem 135
Calculate the minimum wall thickness for a cylindrical vessel that is to carry a gas at a pressure of 1400 psi. The diameter of the vessel is 2 ft, and the stress is limited to 12 ksi.
 

Solution to Problem 134 Pressure Vessel

Problem 134
The wall thickness of a 4-ft-diameter spherical tank is 5/16 inch. Calculate the allowable internal pressure if the stress is limited to 8000 psi.
 

Solution to Problem 133 Pressure Vessel

Problem 133
A cylindrical steel pressure vessel 400 mm in diameter with a wall thickness of 20 mm, is subjected to an internal pressure of 4.5 MN/m2. (a) Calculate the tangential and longitudinal stresses in the steel. (b) To what value may the internal pressure be increased if the stress in the steel is limited to 120 MN/m2? (c) If the internal pressure were increased until the vessel burst, sketch the type of fracture that would occur.
 

Thin-walled Pressure Vessels

A tank or pipe carrying a fluid or gas under a pressure is subjected to tensile forces, which resist bursting, developed across longitudinal and transverse sections.
 

TANGENTIAL STRESS, σt (Circumferential Stress)
Consider the tank shown being subjected to an internal pressure p. The length of the tank is L and the wall thickness is t. Isolating the right half of the tank:
 

Solution to Problem 131 Bearing Stress

Problem 131
Repeat Problem 130 if the rivet diameter is 22 mm and all other data remain unchanged.
 

Solution to Problem 130 Bearing Stress

Problem 130
Figure P-130 shows a roof truss and the detail of the riveted connection at joint B. Using allowable stresses of τ = 70 MPa and σb= 140 MPa, how many 19-mm-diameter rivets are required to fasten member BC to the gusset plate? Member BE? What is the largest average tensile or compressive stress in BC and BE?
 

130-simple-truss.gif

 

Solution to Problem 127 Bearing Stress

Problem 127
In the clevis shown in Fig. 1-11b, find the minimum bolt diameter and the minimum thickness of each yoke that will support a load P = 14 kips without exceeding a shearing stress of 12 ksi and a bearing stress of 20 ksi.
 

127-clevis-double-shear-bolt.gif

 

Pages

Subscribe to MATHalino RSS