Mathematics, Surveying and Transportation Engineering

Algebra, Trigonometry, Statistics, Geometry, Calculus, Differential Equations, Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Economy, Surveying, Transportation Engineering
 

What is the Coefficient of the 8th Term of the Expansion of (2x - 1/x)^10?

Problem
In the expansion of (2x - 1/x)10, find the coefficient of the 8th term.

A.   980 C.   960
B.   970 D.   990

 

How Far An Object Has Fallen If Its Velocity Is 80 Feet Per Second

Problem
The formula $v = \sqrt{2gh}$ give the velocity, in feet per second, of an object when it falls h feet accelerated by gravity g, in feet per second squared. If g is approximately 32 feet per second squared, find how far an object has fallen if its velocity is 80 feet per second.

A.   80 feet C.   70 feet
B.   100 feet D.   90 feet

 

How Long Would it Take to Fly From Earth to Jupiter?

Problem
Earth is approximately 93,000,000.00 miles from the sun, and the Jupiter is approximately 484,000,900.00 miles from the sun. How long would it take a spaceship traveling at 7,500.00 mph to fly from Earth to Jupiter?

A.   9.0 years C.   6.0 years
B.   5.0 years D.   3.0 years

 

Volume of Inflating Spherical Balloon as a Function of Time

Problem
A meteorologist is inflating a spherical balloon with a helium gas. If the radius of a balloon is changing at a rate of 1.5 cm/sec., express the volume V of the balloon as a function of time t (in seconds). Hint: Use composite function relationship Vsphere = 4/3 πr3 as a function of x (radius), and x (radius) as a function of t (time).

A.   V(t) = 5/2 πt3 C.   V(t) = 9/2 πt3
B.   V(t) = 7/2 πt3 D.   V(t) = 3/2 πt3

 

Smallest Triangular Portion From A Square Lot

Problem
A farmer owned a square field measuring exactly 2261 m on each side. 1898 m from one corner and 1009 m from an adjacent corner stands Narra tree. A neighbor offered to purchase a triangular portion of the field stipulating that a fence should be erected in a straight line from one side of the field to an adjacent side so that the Narra tree was part of the fence. The farmer accepted the offer but made sure that the triangular portion was a minimum area. What was the area of the field the neighbor received and how long was the fence? Hint: Use the Cosine Law.

A.   A = 972,325 m2 and L = 2,236 m
B.   A = 950,160 m2 and L = 2,122 m
C.   A = 946,350 m2 and L = 2,495 m
D.   A = 939,120 m2 and L = 2,018 m

 

Dimensions of the Lot for a Given Cost of Fencing

Problem
A rectangular waterfront lot has a perimeter of 1000 feet. To create a sense of privacy, the lot owner decides to fence along three sides excluding the sides that fronts the water. An expensive fencing along the lot’s front length costs Php25 per foot, and an inexpensive fencing along two side widths costs only Php5 per foot. The total cost of the fencing along all three sides comes to Php9500. What is the lot’s dimensions?

A.   300 feet by 100 feet C.   400 feet by 200 feet
B.   400 feet by 100 feet D.   300 feet by 200 feet

 

Amount of Sales Needed to Receive the Desired Monthly Income

Problem
A salesperson earns \$600 per month plus a commission of 20% of sales. Find the minimum amount of sales needed to receive a total income of at least \$1500 per month.

A.   \$1500 C.   \$4500
B.   \$3500 D.   \$2500

 

The Tide in Bay of Fundy: The Depths of High and Low Tides

Problem
The tide in Bay of Fundy rises and falls every 13 hours. The depth of the water at a certain point in the bay is modeled by a function d = 5 sin (2π/13)t + 9, where t is time in hours and d is depth in meters. Find the depth at t = 13/4 (high tide) and t = 39/4 (low tide).

  1. The depth of the high tide is 15 meters and the depth of the low tide is 3 meters.
  2. The depth of the high tide is 16 meters and the depth of the low tide is 2 meters.
  3. The depth of the high tide is 14 meters and the depth of the low tide is 4 meters.
  4. The depth of the high tide is 17 meters and the depth of the low tide is 1 meter.

 

Longest Day of the Year: Summer Solstice

Problem
The number of hours daylight, D(t) at a particular time of the year can be approximated by
 

$D(t) = \dfrac{K}{2}\sin \left[ \dfrac{2\pi}{365}(t - 79) \right] + 12$

 

for t days and t = 0 corresponding to January 1. The constant K determines the total variation in day length and depends on the latitude of the locale. When is the day length the longest, assuming that it is NOT a leap year?

A.   December 20 C.   June 20
B.   June 19 D.   December 19

 

What is the Chance of Rain: Local vs Federal Forecasts

Problem
The local weather forecaster says “no rain” and his record is 2/3 accuracy of prediction. But the Federal Meteorological Service predicts rain and their record is 3/4. With no other data available, what is the chance of rain?

A.   3/5 C.   1/6
B.   1/4 D.   5/12

 

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