# Mathematics, Surveying and Transportation Engineering

Algebra, Trigonometry, Statistics, Geometry, Calculus, Differential Equations, Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Economy, Surveying, Transportation Engineering

## What is the Coefficient of the 8th Term of the Expansion of (2x - 1/x)^10?

**Problem**

In the expansion of (2*x* - 1/*x*)^{10}, find the coefficient of the 8^{th} term.

A. 980 | C. 960 |

B. 970 | D. 990 |

## How Far An Object Has Fallen If Its Velocity Is 80 Feet Per Second

**Problem**

The formula $v = \sqrt{2gh}$ give the velocity, in feet per second, of an object when it falls *h* feet accelerated by gravity *g*, in feet per second squared. If *g* is approximately 32 feet per second squared, find how far an object has fallen if its velocity is 80 feet per second.

A. 80 feet | C. 70 feet |

B. 100 feet | D. 90 feet |

## How Long Would it Take to Fly From Earth to Jupiter?

**Problem**

Earth is approximately 93,000,000.00 miles from the sun, and the Jupiter is approximately 484,000,900.00 miles from the sun. How long would it take a spaceship traveling at 7,500.00 mph to fly from Earth to Jupiter?

A. 9.0 years | C. 6.0 years |

B. 5.0 years | D. 3.0 years |

## Volume of Inflating Spherical Balloon as a Function of Time

**Problem**

A meteorologist is inflating a spherical balloon with a helium gas. If the radius of a balloon is changing at a rate of 1.5 cm/sec., express the volume *V* of the balloon as a function of time *t* (in seconds). Hint: Use composite function relationship *V*_{sphere} = 4/3 π*r*^{3} as a function of *x* (radius), and *x* (radius) as a function of *t* (time).

A. V(t) = 5/2 πt^{3} |
C. V(t) = 9/2 πt^{3} |

B. V(t) = 7/2 πt^{3} |
D. V(t) = 3/2 πt^{3} |

## Smallest Triangular Portion From A Square Lot

**Problem**

A farmer owned a square field measuring exactly 2261 m on each side. 1898 m from one corner and 1009 m from an adjacent corner stands Narra tree. A neighbor offered to purchase a triangular portion of the field stipulating that a fence should be erected in a straight line from one side of the field to an adjacent side so that the Narra tree was part of the fence. The farmer accepted the offer but made sure that the triangular portion was a minimum area. What was the area of the field the neighbor received and how long was the fence? Hint: Use the Cosine Law.

A. A = 972,325 m^{2} and L = 2,236 m |

B. A = 950,160 m^{2} and L = 2,122 m |

C. A = 946,350 m^{2} and L = 2,495 m |

D. A = 939,120 m^{2} and L = 2,018 m |

## Dimensions of the Lot for a Given Cost of Fencing

**Problem**

A rectangular waterfront lot has a perimeter of 1000 feet. To create a sense of privacy, the lot owner decides to fence along three sides excluding the sides that fronts the water. An expensive fencing along the lot’s front length costs Php25 per foot, and an inexpensive fencing along two side widths costs only Php5 per foot. The total cost of the fencing along all three sides comes to Php9500. What is the lot’s dimensions?

A. 300 feet by 100 feet | C. 400 feet by 200 feet |

B. 400 feet by 100 feet | D. 300 feet by 200 feet |

## Amount of Sales Needed to Receive the Desired Monthly Income

**Problem**

A salesperson earns \$600 per month plus a commission of 20% of sales. Find the minimum amount of sales needed to receive a total income of at least \$1500 per month.

A. \$1500 | C. \$4500 |

B. \$3500 | D. \$2500 |

## The Tide in Bay of Fundy: The Depths of High and Low Tides

**Problem**

The tide in Bay of Fundy rises and falls every 13 hours. The depth of the water at a certain point in the bay is modeled by a function *d* = 5 sin (2π/13)*t* + 9, where *t* is time in hours and *d* is depth in meters. Find the depth at *t* = 13/4 (high tide) and *t* = 39/4 (low tide).

- The depth of the high tide is 15 meters and the depth of the low tide is 3 meters.
- The depth of the high tide is 16 meters and the depth of the low tide is 2 meters.
- The depth of the high tide is 14 meters and the depth of the low tide is 4 meters.
- The depth of the high tide is 17 meters and the depth of the low tide is 1 meter.

## Longest Day of the Year: Summer Solstice

**Problem**

The number of hours daylight, *D*(*t*) at a particular time of the year can be approximated by

for *t* days and *t* = 0 corresponding to January 1. The constant *K* determines the total variation in day length and depends on the latitude of the locale. When is the day length the longest, assuming that it is NOT a leap year?

A. December 20 | C. June 20 |

B. June 19 | D. December 19 |

## What is the Chance of Rain: Local vs Federal Forecasts

**Problem**

The local weather forecaster says “no rain” and his record is 2/3 accuracy of prediction. But the Federal Meteorological Service predicts rain and their record is 3/4. With no other data available, what is the chance of rain?

A. 3/5 | C. 1/6 |

B. 1/4 | D. 5/12 |