Common Quadrilaterals

Square

 
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Area, $A = a^2$

Perimeter, $P = 4a$

Diagonal, $d = a\sqrt{2}$

 

Rectangle

 
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Area, $A = ab$

Perimeter, $P = 2(a + b)$

Diagonal, $d = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2}$

 

Rhombus

 
rhombus.gif

 

Area, $A = a^2 \sin \theta = ah$

Perimeter, $P = 4a$

Shorter diagonal, $d_1 = a\sqrt{2 - 2 \cos \theta}$

longer diagonal, $d_2 = a\sqrt{2 + 2 \cos \theta}$

Note: The diagonals of square and rhombus are perpendicular to each other.

 

Parallelogram

 
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Area, $A = ab \sin \theta = ah$

Perimeter, $P = 2(a + b)$

Shorter diagonal, $d_1 = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2 - 2ab \cos \theta}$

Longer diagonal, $d_2 = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2 + 2ab \cos \theta}$

 

Trapezoid

 
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Area, $A = \frac{1}{2}(a + b)h$

 

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