Engineering Mathematics

Angle of Twist

Solution to Problem 325 Torsion

Problem 325
The two steel shaft shown in Fig. P-325, each with one end built into a rigid support have flanges rigidly attached to their free ends. The shafts are to be bolted together at their flanges. However, initially there is a 6° mismatch in the location of the bolt holes as shown in the figure. Determine the maximum shearing stress in each shaft after the shafts are bolted together. Use G = 12 × 106 psi and neglect deformations of the bolts and flanges.
 

Shafts connected through flanges

 

Solution to Problem 322 Torsion

Problem 322
A solid steel shaft is loaded as shown in Fig. P-322. Using G = 83 GPa, determine the required diameter of the shaft if the shearing stress is limited to 60 MPa and the angle of rotation at the free end is not to exceed 4 deg.
 

Solution to Problem 318 Torsion

Problem 318
A solid aluminum shaft 2 in. in diameter is subjected to two torques as shown in Fig. P-318. Determine the maximum shearing stress in each segment and the angle of rotation of the free end. Use G = 4 × 106 psi.
 

316 Permissible Torque That Can Be Applied to a Compound Shaft

Problem 316
A compound shaft consisting of a steel segment and an aluminum segment is acted upon by two torques as shown in Fig. P-316. Determine the maximum permissible value of T subject to the following conditions: τst ≤ 83 MPa, τal ≤ 55 MPa, and the angle of rotation of the free end is limited to 6°. For steel, G = 83 GPa and for aluminum, G = 28 GPa.
 

Figure P-316

315 Power Applied and Removed at Shaft Gears

Problem 315
A 5-m steel shaft rotating at 2 Hz has 70 kW applied at a gear that is 2 m from the left end where 20 kW are removed. At the right end, 30 kW are removed and another 20 kW leaves the shaft at 1.5 m from the right end. (a) Find the uniform shaft diameter so that the shearing stress will not exceed 60 MPa. (b) If a uniform shaft diameter of 100 mm is specified, determine the angle by which one end of the shaft lags behind the other end. Use G = 83 GPa.
 

314 Maximum Shear and Relative Gear Rotation of a Compound Steel Shaft

Problem 314
The steel shaft shown in Fig. P-314 rotates at 4 Hz with 35 kW taken off at A, 20 kW removed at B, and 55 kW applied at C. Using G = 83 GPa, find the maximum shearing stress and the angle of rotation of gear A relative to gear C.
 

313 Maximum Torque That Can be Applied to a Hollow Steel Shaft

Problem 313
Determine the maximum torque that can be applied to a hollow circular steel shaft of 100-mm outside diameter and an 80-mm inside diameter without exceeding a shearing stress of 60 MPa or a twist of 0.5 deg/m. Use G = 83 GPa.
 

312 Deformation of Flexible Shaft Made From Steel Wire Encased in Stationary Tube

Problem 312
A flexible shaft consists of a 0.20-in-diameter steel wire encased in a stationary tube that fits closely enough to impose a frictional torque of 0.50 lb·in/in. Determine the maximum length of the shaft if the shearing stress is not to exceed 20 ksi. What will be the angular deformation of one end relative to the other end? G = 12 × 106 psi.
 

311 Aluminum Shaft Loaded by Multiple Torques Applied at Gears

Problem 311
An aluminum shaft with a constant diameter of 50 mm is loaded by torques applied to gears attached to it as shown in Fig. P-311. Using G = 28 GPa, determine the relative angle of twist of gear D relative to gear A.
 

Three segments aluminum shaft

 

309 Finding the Diameter of a Propeller Shaft Transmitting a Power

Problem 309
A steel propeller shaft is to transmit 4.5 MW at 3 Hz without exceeding a shearing stress of 50 MPa or twisting through more than 1° in a length of 26 diameters. Compute the proper diameter if G = 83 GPa.
 

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