College Algebra

Probability That A Randomly Selected Chord Exceeds The Length Of The Radius Of Circle

Situation
If a chord is selected at random on a fixed circle what is the probability that its length exceeds the radius of the circle?

  1. Assume that the distance of the chord from the center of the circle is uniformly distributed.
    A.   0.5 C.   0.866
    B.   0.667 D.   0.75
  2. Assume that the midpoint of the chord is evenly distributed over the circle.
    A.   0.5 C.   0.866
    B.   0.667 D.   0.75
  3. Assume that the end points of the chord are uniformly distributed over the circumference of the circle.
    A.   0.5 C.   0.866
    B.   0.667 D.   0.75

 

Time After 3:00 O'clock When The Hands Of The Clock Are Perpendicular

Problem
How many minutes after 3:00 o’clock will the hands of the clock be perpendicular to each other for the 1st time?

A.   35 C.   32.73
B.   33.15 D.   34.12

 

For Sn = 3^(2n - 1) + b; Find the Quotient a9 / a7

Problem
The sum of the first n terms of a series is 3^(2n - 1) + b. What is the quotient of the 9th and the 7th term?

A.   81 C.   83
B.   82 D.   84

 

General Term of Arithmetic Sequence that Models the Potential Annual Salaries

Problem
A job posted at jobstreet.com offered a starting salary of \$40,000 per year and guaranteeing a raise of \$1600 per year for the rest of 5 years. Write the general term for the arithmetic sequence that models potential annual salaries.

A.   an = 38,400 + 1600n
B.   an = 33,400 + 2600n
C.   an = 36,400 + 1400n
D.   an = 34,400 +1800n

Weight of Copper and Tin to Produce an Alloy of 30% Copper and 10% of Tin

Problem
A given alloy contains 20% copper and 5% tin. How many pounds of copper and of tin must be melted with 100 lb of the given alloy to produce another alloy analyzing 30% copper and 10% tin? All percentages are by weight.

A.   20.5 lb copper and 4.5 lb tin
B.   17.5 lb copper and 7.5 lb tin
C.   19.5 lb copper and 5.5 lb tin
D.   18.5 lb copper and 6.5 lb tin
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Nutrition: Amount of food A, B and C to Meet the Nutrient Requirements

Problem
A nutritionist in a hospital is arranging special diets that consist of a combination of three basic foods. It is important that the patients on this diet consume exactly 310 units of calcium, 190 units of iron, and 250 units of vitamin A each day. The amounts of these nutrients in one ounce food are given in the following table.

  Units Per Ounce
Calcium Iron Vitamin A
Food A 30 10 10
Food B 10 10 30
Food C 20 20 20

How many ounces each food must be used to satisfy the nutrient requirements exactly?

A.   6 ounces of Food A, 5 ounces of Food B and 3 ounces of Food C
B.   3 ounces of Food A, 5 ounces of Food B and 6 ounces of Food C
C.   6 ounces of Food A, 3 ounces of Food B and 5 ounces of Food C
D.   5 ounces of Food A, 3 ounces of Food B and 6 ounces of Food C

Amount of Sales Needed to Receive a Specified Monthly Income

Problem
A salesperson earns P60,000 per month plus a commission of 20% of sales. Find the minimum amount of sales needed to receive a total income of at least P150,000 per month.

A.   P150,000 C.   P450,000
B.   P350,000 D.   P250,000

 

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