Shearing forces cause shearing deformation. An element subject to shear does not change in length but undergoes a change in shape.
The change in angle at the corner of an original rectangular element is called the shear strain and is expressed as
The ratio of the shear stress τ and the shear strain γ is called the modulus of elasticity in shear or modulus of rigidity and is denoted as G, in MPa.
The relationship between the shearing deformation and the applied shearing force is
where V is the shearing force acting over an area As.
Solve Prob. 216 if rod AB is of steel, with E = 29 × 106 psi. Assume α = 45° and θ = 30°; all other data remain unchanged.
As shown in Fig. P-216, two aluminum rods AB and BC, hinged to rigid supports, are pinned together at B to carry a vertical load P = 6000 lb. If each rod has a cross-sectional area of 0.60 in.2 and E = 10 × 106 psi, compute the elongation of each rod and the horizontal and vertical displacements of point B. Assume α = 30° and θ = 30°.
A uniform concrete slab of total weight W is to be attached, as shown in Fig. P-215, to two rods whose lower ends are on the same level. Determine the ratio of the areas of the rods so that the slab will remain level.
The rigid bars AB and CD shown in Fig. P-214 are supported by pins at A and C and the two rods. Determine the maximum force P that can be applied as shown if its vertical movement is limited to 5 mm. Neglect the weights of all members.
The rigid bar AB, attached to two vertical rods as shown in Fig. P-213, is horizontal before the load P is applied. Determine the vertical movement of P if its magnitude is 50 kN.
The rigid bar ABC shown in Fig. P-212 is hinged at A and supported by a steel rod at B. Determine the largest load P that can be applied at C if the stress in the steel rod is limited to 30 ksi and the vertical movement of end C must not exceed 0.10 in.
A steel tire, 10 mm thick, 80 mm wide, and 1500.0 mm inside diameter, is heated and shrunk onto a steel wheel 1500.5 mm in diameter. If the coefficient of static friction is 0.30, what torque is required to twist the tire relative to the wheel? Neglect the deformation of the wheel. Use E = 200 GPa.
A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300 mm2 and a length of 150 m is suspended vertically from one end. It supports a tensile load of 20 kN at the lower end. If the unit mass of steel is 7850 kg/m3 and E = 200 × 103 MN/m2, find the total elongation of the rod.
A uniform bar of length L, cross-sectional area A, and unit mass ρ is suspended vertically from one end. Show that its total elongation is δ = ρgL2/2E. If the total mass of the bar is M, show also that δ = MgL/2AE.
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