Integration of Polar Area

03 Area Enclosed by Cardioids: r = a(1 + sin θ); r = a(1 - sin θ), r = a(1 + cos θ), r = a(1 - cos θ)

Problem
Find the area individually enclosed by the following Cardioids:
(A)   $r = a(1 - \cos \theta)$
(B)   $r = a(1 + \cos \theta)$
(C)   $r = a(1 - \sin \theta)$
(D)   $r = a(1 + \sin \theta)$
 

003-cardioid-neg-pos-sine-cosine.gif

 

08 Area Enclosed by r = a sin 3θ and r = a cos 3θ

Problem
Find the area bounded by $r = a \sin 3\theta$ and $r = a \cos 3\theta$.
 

008-polar-area-three-leaf_rose_sine_cosine.gif

 

05 Area Enclosed by r = a sin 2θ and r = a cos 2θ

Problem
Find the area bounded by $r = a \sin 2\theta$ and $r = a \cos 2\theta$.
 

008-polar-area-four-leaf_sine_cosine.gif

 

06 Area Within the Curve r^2 = 16 cos θ

Example 6
What is the area within the curve r2 = 16 cos θ?
 

04 Area of the Inner Loop of the Limacon r = a(1 + 2 cos θ)

Example 4
Find the area of the inner loop of the limacon r = a(1 + 2 cos θ).
 

03 Area Inside the Cardioid r = a(1 + cos θ) but Outside the Circle r = a

Example 3
Find the area inside the cardioid r = a(1 + cos θ) but outside the circle r = a.
 

02 Area Bounded by the Lemniscate of Bernoulli r^2 = a^2 cos 2θ

Example 2
Find the area bounded by the lemniscate of Bernoulli r2 = a2 cos 2θ.
 

Plane Areas in Polar Coordinates | Applications of Integration

The fundamental equation for finding the area enclosed by a curve whose equation is in polar coordinates is...
 

$\displaystyle A = \frac{1}{2}{\int_{\theta_1}^{\theta_2}} r^2 \, d\theta$

 

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