# Righting Moment

## Stability of Floating Bodies

Any floating body is subjected by two opposing vertical forces. One is the body's weight W which is downward, and the other is the buoyant force BF which is upward. The weight is acting at the center of gravity G and the buoyant force is acting at the center of buoyancy BO. W and BF are always equal and if these forces are collinear, the body will be in upright position as shown below.

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## Analysis of Gravity Dam

Dams are structures whose purpose is to raise the water level on the upstream side of river, stream, or other waterway. The rising water will cause hydrostatic force which will tend the dam to slide horizontally and overturn about its downstream edge or toe. The raised water level on the upstream edge or heel will also cause the water to seep under the dam. The pressure due to this seepage is commonly called hydrostatic uplift and will reduce the stability of the dam against sliding and against overturning.

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## Problem 353 | Equilibrium of Non-Concurrent Force System

**Problem 353**

The forces acting on a 1-m length of a dam are shown in Fig. P-353. The upward ground reaction varies uniformly from an intensity of p_{1} kN/m to p_{2} kN/m at B. Determine p1 and p2 and also the horizontal resistance to sliding.

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## Problem 266 | Resultant of Non-Concurrent Force System

**Problem 266**

Determine the resultant of the three forces acting on the dam shown in Fig. P-266 and locate its intersection with the base AB. For good design, this intersection should occur within the middle third of the base. Does it?