segment of a circle

11 - Area inside a circle but outside three other externally tangent circles

Problem 11
Three identical circles of radius 30 cm are tangent to each other externally. A fourth circle of the same radius was drawn so that its center is coincidence with the center of the space bounded by the three tangent circles. Find the area of the region inside the fourth circle but outside the first three circles. It is the shaded region shown in the figure below.
 

011-three-tangent-circles.gif

 

10 Swimming pool in the shape of two intersecting circles

Situation
A swimming pool is shaped from two intersecting circles 9 m in radius with their centers 9 m apart.
 

Part 1: What is the area common to the two circles?
A. 85.2 m2
B. 63.7 m2
C. 128.7 m2
D. 99.5 m2
 

Part 2: What is the total water surface area?
A. 409.4 m2
B. 524.3 m2
C. 387.3 m2
D. 427.5 m2
 

Part 3: What is the perimeter of the pool, in meters?
A. 63.5 m
B. 75.4 m
C. 82.4 m
D. 96.3 m
 

09 Areas outside the overlapping circles indicated as shaded regions

Problem
From the figure shown, AB = diameter of circle O1 = 30 cm, BC = diameter of circle O2 = 40 cm, and AC = diameter of circle O3 = 50 cm. Find the shaded areas A1, A2, A3, and A4 and check that A1 + A2 + A3 = A4 as stated in the previous problem.
 

Circles with centers at midpoints of sides of a right triangle

 

07 Area inside the larger circle but outside the smaller circle

Problem
From the figure shown below, DE is the diameter of circle A and BC is the radius of circle B. If DE = 60 cm and AC = 10 cm, find the area of the shaded region.
 

025-overlapping-circles.gif

 

05 Three identical cirular arcs inside a circle

Example 05
Circular arcs of radii 10 cm are described inside a circle of radius 10 cm. The centers of each arc are on the circle and so arranged so that they are equally distant from each other. Find the area enclosed by three arcs shown as shaded regions in the figure.
 

03 Area enclosed by pairs of overlapping quarter circles

Example 03
The shaded regions in the figure below are areas bounded by two circular arcs. The arcs have center at the corners of the square and radii equal to the length of the sides. Calculate the area of the shaded region.
 

02 Area bounded by arcs of quarter circles

Example 02
Arcs of quarter circles are drawn inside the square. The center of each circle is at each corner of the square. If the radius of each arc is equal to 20 cm and the sides of the square are also 20 cm. Find the area common to the four circular quadrants. See figure below.
 

Area common to four quarter circles

 

The Circle

The following are short descriptions of the circle shown below.

Tangent - is a line that would pass through one point on the circle.
Secant - is a line that would pass through two points on the circle.
Chord - is a secant that would terminate on the circle itself.
Diameter, d - is a chord that passes through the center of the circle.
Radius, r - is one-half of the diameter.

 

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