# steel plate

## 240 How to locate the centroid of metal plate with circular hole

**Problem 240**

The shaded area in Fig P-240 represents a steel plate of uniform thickness. A hole of 4-in. diameter has been cut in the plate. Locate the center of gravity the plate. *Hint:* The weight of the plate is equivalent to the weight of the original plate minus the weight of material cut away. Represent the original plate weight of plate by a downward force acting at the center of the 10 × 14 in. rectangle. Represent the weight of the material cut away by an upward force acting at the center of the circle. Locate the position of the resultant of these two forces with respect to the left edge and bottom of the plate.

## Solution to Problem 505 | Flexure Formula

## Solution to Problem 235 Statically Indeterminate

**Problem 235**

A timber column, 8 in. × 8 in. in cross section, is reinforced on each side by a steel plate 8 in. wide and t in. thick. Determine the thickness t so that the column will support an axial load of 300 kips without exceeding a maximum timber stress of 1200 psi or a maximum steel stress of 20 ksi. The moduli of elasticity are 1.5 × 10^{6} psi for timber, and 29 × 10^{6} psi for steel.

## Solution to Problem 142 Pressure Vessel

**Problem 142**

A pipe carrying steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of 10 mm. A gasket is inserted between the flange at one end of the pipe and a flat plate used to cap the end. How many 40-mm-diameter bolts must be used to hold the cap on if the allowable stress in the bolts is 80 MPa, of which 55 MPa is the initial stress? What circumferential stress is developed in the pipe? Why is it necessary to tighten the bolt initially, and what will happen if the steam pressure should cause the stress in the bolts to be twice the value of the initial stress?

## Solution to Problem 137 Pressure Vessel

**Problem 137**

A water tank, 22 ft in diameter, is made from steel plates that are 1/2 in. thick. Find the maximum height to which the tank may be filled if the circumferential stress is limited to 6000 psi. The specific weight of water is 62.4 lb/ft^{3}.

## Solution to Problem 136 Pressure Vessel

**Problem 136**

A cylindrical pressure vessel is fabricated from steel plating that has a thickness of 20 mm. The diameter of the pressure vessel is 450 mm and its length is 2.0 m. Determine the maximum internal pressure that can be applied if the longitudinal stress is limited to 140 MPa, and the circumferential stress is limited to 60 MPa.

**Solution 136**

Based on circumferential stress (tangential):

## Solution to Problem 126 Bearing Stress

## Solution to Problem 125 Bearing Stress

#### Problem 125

In Fig. 1-12, assume that a 20-mm-diameter rivet joins the plates that are each 110 mm wide. The allowable stresses are 120 MPa for bearing in the plate material and 60 MPa for shearing of rivet. Determine (a) the minimum thickness of each plate; and (b) the largest average tensile stress in the plates.

## Solution to Problem 116 Shear Stress

**Problem 116**

As in Fig. 1-11c, a hole is to be punched out of a plate having a shearing strength of 40 ksi. The compressive stress in the punch is limited to 50 ksi. (a) Compute the maximum thickness of plate in which a hole 2.5 inches in diameter can be punched. (b) If the plate is 0.25 inch thick, determine the diameter of the smallest hole that can be punched.

## Solution to Problem 115 Shear Stress

**Problem 115**

What force is required to punch a 20-mm-diameter hole in a plate that is 25 mm thick? The shear strength is 350 MN/m^{2}.