Strength of Materials

Stresses of Hollow Circular Tube Used as a Pole

Situation
A 12-m pole is fixed at its base and is subjected to uniform lateral load of 600 N/m. The pole is made-up of hollow steel tube 273 mm in outside diameter and 9 mm thick.
1.   Calculate the maximum shear stress (MPa).

A.   0.96 C.   1.39
B.   1.93 D.   0.69

2.   Calculate the maximum tensile stress (MPa).

A.   96.0 C.   60.9
B.   69.0 D.   90.6

3.   Calculate the force (kN) required at the free end to restrain the displacement.

A.   2.7 C.   27
B.   7.2 D.   72

 

Continuous Beam With a Gap and a Zero Moment in Interior Support

Situation
A beam of uniform cross section whose flexural rigidity EI = 2.8 × 1011 N·mm2, is placed on three supports as shown. Support B is at small gap Δ so that the moment at B is zero.
 

design-practice-1-given.gif

 

1.   Calculate the reaction at A.

A.   4.375 kN C.   5.437 kN
B.   8.750 kN D.   6.626 kN

2.   What is the reaction at B?

A.   4.375 kN C.   5.437 kN
B.   8.750 kN D.   6.626 kN

3.   Find the value of Δ.

A.   46 mm C.   34 mm
B.   64 mm D.   56 mm

 

Cross-Sectional Dimensions of Steel Rod to Elongate 1-mm when Subjected to 8,000 kg of Tension Force

Problem
A tensile load of 8000 kg elongates a 1-m long square rod by 1 mm. Steel modulus of elasticity is 2 × 106 kg/cm2. What is the dimension of a side of the rod?

A.   5 cm C.   2 cm
B.   1 cm D.   4 cm

Strength of Temporary Earth Retaining Wall Made from Wooden Planks

Situation
A temporary earth retaining wall consists of wooden plank driven vertically into the ground. The wall is designed to resist 2.4 m height of soil.

Given the following:
Cross-sectional dimensions of the plank = 300 mm wide × 75 mm thick
Allowable bending stress of the plank = 10.4 MPa
Allowable shear stress of the plank = 0.8 MPa
Unit weight of retained soil = 17.3 kN/m3
Active earth pressure coefficient = 1/3

1.   Calculate the maximum flexural stress.

A.   12.7 MPa C.   8.6 MPa
B.   14.2 MPa D.   10.1 MPa

2.   Calculate the maximum shear stress.

A.   1.11 MPa C.   0.99 MPa
B.   0.33 MPa D.   0.77 MPa

3.   Calculate the minimum thickness of the plank to prevent failure.

A.   90 mm C.   110 mm
B.   80 mm D.   100 mm
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