Probability that a Large Shipment is Accepted or Not Accepted due to Defective Items

Problem
A stationery store has decided to accept a large shipment of ball-point pens if an inspection of 20 randomly selected pens yields no more than two defective pens. Find the probability that this shipment is...

  1. accepted if 5% of the total shipment is defective.
  2. not accepted if 15% of the total shipment is defective.

 

1 - Probability for cars to pass through a point on road in a 5-minute period

Problem
The number of cars passing a point on a road may be modelled by Poisson distribution. At an average, 4 cars enters the Caibaan Diversion Road in Tacloban City every 5 minutes. Find the probability that in a 5-minute period (a) two cars go past and (b) fewer than 3 cars go past.
 

Three Men Shoot and Only One of Them Hits the Target. Find the Probability that it was the First Man

Problem
The probabilities that three men hit a target are 1/6, 1/4, and 1/3, respectively. Each shoot once at the target. If only one of them hits the target, find the probability that it was the first man.
 

Answer Key

 

Poisson Probability Distribution

The number of occurrences in a given time interval or in a given space can be modeled using Poisson Distribution if the following conditions are being satisfied:

  • The events occur at random.
  • The events are independent from one another.
  • The average rate of occurrences is constant.
  • There are no simultaneous occurrences.

 

The Poisson distribution is defined as

$P(x) = \dfrac{e^{-\mu} \mu^x}{x!}$

where x is a discrete random variable

P(x) = probability for x occurrences
μ = the mean number of occurrences

Probability: A Family of Five Children

Problem
A family chosen at random has 5 children. What is the probability that...

  1.   all are girls or all are boys?
  2.   there are 3 boys and 2 girls?
  3.   at least 1 is a boy?

 

09 - Number of Leaps to Take to Catch the Lead

Problem
A cat takes 4 leaps to a dog's 3; but 2 of the dog's leaps are equivalent to 3 of the cat’s. The cat has a start of 50 leaps. How many leaps must the dog take to catch the cat?
 

Number of Steps in the Escalator

Problem
A certain businessman, who is always in a hurry, walks up an ongoing escalator at the rate of one step per second. Twenty steps bring him to the top. Next day he goes up at two steps per second, reaching the top in 32 steps. How many steps are there in the escalator?

A.   80 C.   50
B.   60 D.   70

Poker Hand: Probability that Five Cards are of the Same Suit

Problem
In a 5-card poker hand, what is the probability that all 5 are of the same suit?
 

Probability Problems Involving Cards

A♥ A♦ A♣ A♠
2♥ 2♦ 2♣ 2♠
3♥ 3♦ 3♣ 3♠
4♥ 4♦ 4♣ 4♠
5♥ 5♦ 5♣ 5♠
6♥ 6♦ 6♣ 6♠
7♥ 7♦ 7♣ 7♠
8♥ 8♦ 8♣ 8♠
9♥ 9♦ 9♣ 9♠
10♥ 10♦ 10♣ 10♠
J♥ J♦ J♣ J♠
Q♥ Q♦ Q♣ Q♠
K♥ K♦ K♣ K♠

 

Number of Marbles in a Bag Containing Black and White Marbles

Problem
If 2 marbles are removed at random from a bag containing black and white marbles, the chance that they are both white is 1/3. If 3 are removed at random, the chance that they all are white is 1/6. How many black marbles are there?
 

Answer Key

 

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