Another method of determining the slopes and deflections in beams is the area-moment method, which involves the area of the moment diagram.

**Theorems of Area-Moment Method**

Theorem I

The change in slope between the tangents drawn to the elastic curve at any two points A and B is equal to the product of 1/EI multiplied by the area of the moment diagram between these two points.

$\theta_{AB} = \dfrac{1}{EI}(Area_{AB})$

Theorem II

The deviation of any point B relative to the tangent drawn to the elastic curve at any other point A, in a direction perpendicular to the original position of the beam, is equal to the product of 1/EI multiplied by the moment of an area about B of that part of the moment diagram between points A and B.

$t_{B/A} = \dfrac{1}{EI}(Area_{AB}) \cdot \bar X_B$

and

$t_{A/B} = \dfrac{1}{EI}(Area_{AB}) \cdot \bar X_A$

- The deviation at any point is positive if the point lies above the tangent, negative if the point is below the tangent.
- Measured from left tangent, if θ is counterclockwise, the change of slope is positive, negative if θ is clockwise.

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